Google Translation from Spanish
Author: Akavane, Guatemala
good how such a topic that is more cryptozoology gsuta me or the study of undiscovered animals and belong to the kingdom of the legends that they see voya to talk about the pro bats that are kind if the in vuerlta in mystery and there are legends of vampires known but others roam throughout the world as ahool batsquasht or others that are not widely known, so he put them to expand their knowhow to ancient myths, modern mysteries No other species has fueled terror, and even phobia of bats, as the common vampire, Desmodus rotundus. This bat is one of the three species that feed almost exclusively on blood of large animals, including as not man, but more sporadically. They are animals of small size, the larger ones have a body of 9 cm long, 35 cm long with wings outspread, 40 grams of weight and flattened face, which with their sharp tusks, produces a small wound to his prey to the blood flowing, but not freely, as their saliva contains anesthetic agents and coagulants. With his tongue licking the blood is going to eat equivalent of 40% of their body weight, about 20 g, which is quite damaging to their prey if several of these animals the attack at once, it can produce more or less anemia degree. Camazotz has become the stuff legends key importance in human society and the human vampire myth, ie the undead awakened every night to feed on blood, fangs sticking in the throat of his victim and in turn transforming in other undead. The main figure of this myth is the Wallachian prince, Vlad Thepes, whose real name was Dracula, son of Daracul, son of the devil. Well known for its extremely sadistic practices, including impalements, and even said he came to drink the blood of their victims, like Elizabeth Bathory, another Countess, famous for bathing in the blood of its young victims and consumed. But there is a place in the world where this deeply ingrained this myth, although it might seem, it is not Transylvania, is Central America. The legends and myths about creatures that resemble or are related to vampire bats of very large size, are present in folklore from pre-Columbian times. The stories of vampires in Mexico date back to the time of the Maya, whose territory was located in what is now Guatemala, but also reaching the Yucatan Peninsula and southern Mexico. This was the land of vampire bats, which were incorporated into the mythology of the Mayas, in fact one of its most important deities is the god / devil Zotz or Camazotz, the lord of the underworld, vampire bat-shaped and oversized bloodthirsty. Lord of death and the realms of twilight, the Maya were trying at all costs not to go through the caves they thought the domain of this being, to avoid arousing their anger and they kept some of his enemies and those guilty of crime these places, known as `` The Camazotz house.'' `` ... Pusiéronlos then in the House of Bats. There was nothing but bats inside this house, the house of Camazotz (bat of death), a large animal, whose instruments were killed as a dry point, and perished instantly those who came before him ...'' . There are numerous representations of this deity in stone and pottery, to emphasize the relevance it had. Desmodus draculae Scientists give a length for D.draculae forearm 8 cm (compared with their relative proportions D.rotundus) and CONICET researchers estimated a wingspan of 60 to 80 cm (~2 to 3 feet) for D. draculae, and weighing approximately 60 g., making it a sizeable bat to be a Microchiroptera, larger than the largest that exists today the Eumops perotis, the largest U.S. bat belonging to the order Microchiroptera. Paleontologists determined that the Centinela del Mar vampire corresponds to a giant extinct form, probably Desmodus draculae, and would be one of the last representatives of that species, registered previously. Although the article in The Nation speaks of "fossils" actually is a bug. The tooth, which was discovered by Ulysses Pardiñas was not in a fossilized state. In fact, had not had time to fossilize!. And dating is that made mass spectrometry provided a really surprising result: the upper left canine from Centinela del Mar belonged to an animal that was a contemporary of the Spanish conquerors and that probably lived between the ..... fifteenth and seventeenth century of our era! there is another legend of a strange monster called Piuchén bloodsucker, with variations as Pihuychén, Pitutrén, Pihuenche and Peuchén, Some describe it as a strange bloodthirsty winged serpent that silva and grips trees to stalk them to their next victim, others describe it as a snake that after some time it becomes a species of frog large, all covered with a fine hair, wings very short and broad, the strong legs and bulging eyes and scary. Other times it is described as a strange predatory bird larger than a turkey (Maybe some kind of relationship with Thunderbird? Do not know.[Actually, it is a "Water-Turkey" or Anhinga!]) Of all these descriptions, they always say that the animal in question lives in caves and holes of the trees and their droppings are red because of their biting power. winged Men Brazil and Cãoera Many are the legends in Brazilian lands, concerning beings half human, half bat creature who terrorized just say his name. These testimonies have been collected by many folklorists as Elizabeth Benson who has studied the symbolism of the vampire in ancient cultures, provides further information on the subject: "For the Arawak Indians of northern Guyana, the" Mountain of the Bat "is inhabited by "Murderous Bats," and there is a similar figure in the folklore of Venezuela. Demons-bat dedicated to behead people, appear in various myths of the Amazon region and further south, in the Gran Chaco of northern Argentina . The folklore of Ge, a tribe of Brazil, talks about "Indians" who had wings and out only at night. flew like bats and killed with "anchor axes" or "moon machetes." Another story is said that humanity received the ceremonial axes of bats, who used to decapitate. The shape of the axes is the same as with the knives for sacrifices that are often represented in ancient Mochica art of the Central Andes " A Despite all the supposed existence of several of these creatures is confirmed by a sighting occurred in the area in 1950 by Mr. and Mrs. Royal, who observed a huge bat-like creatures that flew over the forest above trees and their heads, landing on the floor, which left traces of their claws around the setback (characteristic of some of the sightings of man-beast) and bats quite logical, since when they are perched their feet are directed backwards. In Brazil's equally remarkable Cãoera we find the story of a giant bat whose existence are convinced Muras Indians living near the border between Brazil and Guyana, in a region that is part of the newly created National Park Tucumaque the largest reserve of tropical rainforest in the world. According to Muras, this animal is huge, bigger than the vulture, black vulture or South American (Coraegyps atratus) whose wings are 1.5 m (~5 ft) wingspan. Indians say can suck all the blood of their victims and then devour them, it is stated that the big bat lives in holes underground Amazon and comes out when cooking meat or when burned hair and animal skins. You may also see-Engracia warns when you wash your fish bones in the river or even when one starts screaming in the woods. Apparently, the myth of Cãoera occurs in the border region with Guyana in the territory of the Arawak, Carib and Tupi also. In 1991, biologists E. Trajan and M. Vivo found a fossil specimen of Desmodus third D draculae, particularly in a cave in the Ribeira Valley, State of Sao Paulo, demonstrating the existence of this species in this area. Once more ... Is there a relationship between the two? In this case it is said that the animal eats meat and is quite larger than the D.draculae so perhaps this reinforces the hypothesis that it was another unknown species. [This would instead be my giant FALSE Vampire bat, Vampyrum sp X2-DD]
Sasabonsam (African demon) This being enigmatic, is a real challenge for any researcher in cryptozoology. It is a myth really old and related to the culture of the Ashanti, an African native people, natives of Ghana. For them, this creature is a kind of evil demon who worship (we emphasize the similarity to the Mayan legends) the figure is similar to the winged male Brazilians, or anthropomorphic but Chiroptera details. He often described as being of humanoid face, bearded and two horns facing out in your head (typical demonic symbol). As they say, their short arms are huge bat wings, connected by a membrane to its short but strong legs equipped with claws. Among their customs was that of hunting and devouring humans, betting on the branches of trees to catch them with the claws of their feet and take them to the cave where he lives. Seen this way we could say that, can not be anything beyond an Indian myth. But the resemblance to other similar case makes us wonder if it could not hide behind the myth rooted, some unknown species of bat known long-loved repertoire of `` similar'' bat that occurs throughout Central Africa, some well known as Olitiau [Ole ntya=Devil Bat], or Kongmato or closely related to flying creatures as pterosaurs. However, the descriptions of this creature do remarkably different. His features similar to those of other legends and his habit of eating meat and blood meal to relate it more bats than any other creature. During one of his trips to Africa explorer JB Danquah had discussions with the Ashanti people, who perfectly described this `` being'' not as a mythological
Winged humanoids of Vietnam Strange winged creatures with clawed feet and pointed ears, come being sighted for years in Vietnam. According to descriptions in appearance coincide with previously treated other creatures, strange beings that is half human and half bat. In the case of winged men in Vietnam have witnessed some exception, though still very little information exists about these beings. According to official reports from 1969, in parts of South Vietnam, have been taking these types of sightings. The first, at least you have news, as we advanced, three soldiers were protagonists of the U.S. Marines near Da Nang. The men claimed to have seen various figures flying and deep into the jungle. According to them they look human, but with strange details in the head and huge bat wings, leathery appearance. They were covered with fine hair, and some saw as a feminine details developed breasts. When they went flying over the trees above their heads, they could hear the sound of their wings to beat, and see details such as these membranes. At no time showed interest in them. Alan Another puzzle, comes this time from [Java]
Orang-Bati This time we travel to Indonesia, specifically the island of Seram, for meet one of the most mysterious cryptids. Known to [East] Indonesians as Orang-Bati, ie the flying man, they describe it as a rare and aggressive primate with wings. For decades the Moluccas had blood-curdling stories of Westerners who heard concerning a bloodthirsty winged predator hurtling night the lush jungles in search of victims. The descriptions given to this `` flying demon'' (curiously highlight the similarities in Indonesia indigenous culture, with the African Sasabonsam) refer to its large size, is said to be covered with short hair and red, leathery skin on their black or blood red and provided with a membranous wings of a bat. It also has a prominent feature and the presence of a small tail visible. His simian face (strange similarities with the `` Big Bird'') is crowned with pointed ears. the English missionary Tyson Hughes, who in 1985 traveled to the Moluccas, the island of Seram, for 18 months, to attend the population of the island and help in management of their livestock and farms. Tyson began to hear stories about this being, and although at first was very skeptical, he soon became convinced that he did not seem to be any mythical god `` true'' if not real animal. Soon news about this being communicated to the world. After 9 months living in Seram Hughes, claimed to have seen the creature and heard repeated night sounds.
[Camazotz (Kamazotz), Probably an American Ahool]
[Giant Bat or Devil Bat from Deviant Art, from original article. To my mind the bat is twice too large in all its dimensions-DD]
Unknown very large bat allegedly filmed in Brazil
Also known as Athol, is definitely the most famous bat cryptozoological and probably one that is more likely to actually exist. In 1925 a zoologist named Ernest Bartels was conducting field research regarding the listing of new species of birds in the waterfalls in the mountains of Salek, the Indonesia island of Java. When I was immersed in his work field notebook, something flew overhead. A strange animal like a bat, which stunned the doctor. by subsequent investigations by the cryptozoologist Ivan T Sanderson were collected reports on sightings of this creature, especially among the natives as usual, surprisingly they knew the animal and treated him as one more of its fauna, known from Ahool. Something that is really interesting is that although the descriptions of the animal are very similar according to witnesses, not so much in terms of its proportions, as some claim that it can measure as much as a grown man, while others say its size is much more discreet, like a child about a year. He is described as dark gray face with simian features, similar to that of a monkey or gibbon (detail as we have seen is common in other mysterious bats). According to Sanderson, this should not be taken as something mythical creature as the number of sightings that have taken place during the following years, in western Java show that this is real, it has been sleeping in caves or trees and even feeding on fish in rivers. It ensures that your diet is omnivorous and could be related to some of larger Microchiroptera or some other kind of omnivorous bat. It is often been linked, as in other cases prehistoric flying reptile
The Aswang Vampire from the Phillipines (more properly the Mananggal which is identified with it) is said to be of the size of "Half a person" only in this case the story goes that it actually IS half of a person flown off to become a vampire. Since the Ahool is already said to be approximately half the height of a small adult such as a woman (~2 1/2 feet tall or a bit more and "The size of a toddler"), it is possible to see where the story originates
Aswang is a generic term for all types of monsters in Philippine Mythology, such as manananggal, witches, pugot, nuno, tiyanak and the like.
The belief in aswang is rumored to have originated in the provinces of Capiz, Iloilo and Antique. It is known by other names such as tik-tik and wak-wak
Appearance and characteristics
An aswang can look like ordinary human being, often appearing as a beautiful woman or an old man. It may also transform into an ugly beast, usually taking the form of animals like pigs, dogs, or other monsters like the sigbin, balbal, wak-wak, etc. Hunting its prey, it will disguise itself as an animal until it finds an opportunity to attack and kill its victim.
An aswang lives as an ordinary person by day and prefers to take occupations related to meat, such as butchery. They live in secluded areas of barrios far from the townsfolk, usually isolating themselves from the public, appearing to be quiet and shy.
An aswang can be distinguished from a human by its bloodshot eyes. Elderly rural folks say that in order to detect an aswang one must look at it from an inverted position.
Superstitions and antidotesFear of the aswang leads many to seek means of warding them off. Rural folk believe that they can be driven away with burnt animal horns or sharpened bamboo called bagacay. Aswang are also afraid of bullets, bolos, feathers and canes, and ever-trusted garlic hung on doors and windows or hung as necklaces. A crucifix will kill the aswang.
TypesAswang as a generic term is usually interchanged with other monsters or ghouls such as the following:
- Wak-wak - a bird-like creature that comes out at night looking for its victim. The sound of a wak-wak is usually associated with the presence of an Unglu (vampire).
- Balbal - a kind of witch that preys on pregnant women. When the balbal is hungry, its eyes turn reddish, become sharp, penetrating the woman's womb.
- Kubot - a bat-like creature that resembles an umbrella with its huge, wide wings. It catches its victim by its claws and takes it home to be butchered.
- Tik-tik - a huge bird that flies at night. The tik-tik looks for a sleeping person. When it finds one, it extend its very long proboscis into the unsuspecting victim and proceeds to suck the blood.
- Mansusopsop - a ghoul that preys on pregnant women. Like the tik-tik, it hovers over the rooftop and seek any opening for its long, thread-like tongue to pass through until it reaches the stomach of its victim. It then sucks out all the blood, including the fetus, until the victim is lifeless.
- Sigbin, a kangaroo-like creature which has a wide mouth with large fangs. Some say that this is another form of the aswang, while there are other claims which identify it as the companion of the tik-tik. It kills people with its deadly sneeze.
- [Some say the Muwas (Orangutan) is a sort of 3-foot-tall, monkey-faced bat also)
- Maximo D. Ramos' The Aswang Complex in Philippine Folklore - Phoenix Publications
- Armin T. Santiaguel II' Tikbalang, Aswang, atbp. - New day Publisher
- Demetrio, Francisco, S.J. Encyclopedia of Philippine Folk Beliefs and Customs. Cagayan de Oro City: Xavier University, 1991.
- "Mythical Creatures of the Philippines." Associated Content, 10 March 2006. http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/21178/mythical_creatures_of_the_philippines.html (Accessed on September 14, 2007).
What exactly is a Manananggal?
“According to folklore in the Philippines, your typical Manananggal appears to have the body and face of a beautiful older woman, with a couple of minor differences, such as its leathery wings and its ability to detach its torso and fly away sans legs. Manananggals terrorize the Visayan islands, where the local people hang large amounts of garlic around their houses as a deterrent to the Manananggal, to keep them away.”
The main problem with verifying the existence of the Manananggal, is the degree of fakery. Factual, believable reports are extremely few. Another problem for this cryptid is the confusion and merging of the characteristics of both the Aswang and the Manananggal - a significant number of reports confuse one for the other - making it difficult to recognize one from the other, and thus validate credible reports.
- This is folkloric fantasy, and a remnant from the Philippines tribal past - a cautionary tale to provide tribal control, or simply a fire gathering ghost story.
- A real creature poorly understood, then exaggerated beyond recognition, such as harmless large fruit bats.
- A witch tale, usually based upon old people cast off from their society and foraging in the wild.
- A local variation of the universal myth & legend of the Vampire.
- A local variation of the Mothman creature now known world-wide.
A Manananggal is a mythical creature of the Philippines Islands. It is sometimes confused with the Wak Wak in some areas. It is similar to the Penanggalan in Malay folklore . It resembles a Western vampire, in being an evil, human-devouring monster. The myth of the Manananggal is popular in the Visayan region of the Philippines, especially in the western provinces of Capiz, Iloilo, Antique, though most Filipinos know of it. There are varying accounts of the features of a Manananggal. Like vampires, Visayan folklore creatures, and Aswangs, Manananggals are also said to abhor garlic and salt - in fact these can be fatal to them. They were also known to avoid daggers, light, vinegar, spices and the tail of a sting ray which can be fashioned as a whip. Folklore of similar creatures can be found in the neighboring nations of Indonesia and Malaysia.
A Manananggal is described as being an older, beautiful woman (as opposed to an Aswang), capable of severing its upper torso in order to fly into the night with huge bat-like wings to prey on unsuspecting, pregnant women in their homes; using an elongated proboscis-like tongue, it sucks the hearts of fetuses or blood of an unsuspecting, sleeping victim. The severed lower torso is left standing and it is said to be the more vulnerable of the two halves. Sprinkling salt or smearing crushed garlic or ash on top of the standing torso is fatal to the creature. The upper torso then would not be able to rejoin and will die at daybreak. The name of the creature originates from an expression used for a severed torso: Manananggal comes from the Tagalog, tanggal (cognate of Malay tanggal) which means to remove or to separate. Manananggal then means the one who separates itself (in this case, separates itself from its lower body).
Superstitious folk in the Visayan provinces still hang cloves of garlic or onion around windows, doors, etc. with the purpose of repelling this creature as well as the Aswang. They are a favorite theme for sensationalist tabloids. They may be a product of mass hysteria or intentionally propagated to keep children off the street, home at night and wary or careful of strangers, or simply to entertain them.
With the face and body of an older woman, and features leathery wings. According to local legend, is able to detach its torso and fly away leaving its legs behind. The severed lower torso is left standing and it is said to be the more vulnerable of the two halves. Sprinkling salt or smearing crushed garlic or ash on top of the standing torso is fatal to the creature. The upper torso then would not be able to rejoin and will die at daybreak.
Known to feed on pregnant women, using a proboscis-like tongue to suck out the hearts of fetuses or the blood of an unsuspecting, sleeping victim. Legend also says the Manananggals propagate themselves by spewing a black chick into someone's mouth.
Different regions have different stories on how Manananggals proliferate. One story relates that Manananggals have black chicks in their throats, which provide them with their power. A Manananggal cannot die until the chick is removed, which be done by smoking the Manananggal upside down in a tree or spinning her until she vomits the chick up.
Another story says that heredity or contamination by physical or supernatural means can turn someone into a Manananggal. For example, contaminating someone's meal with an old Manananggal's saliva or human flesh can pass it on. A third story relates that a girl who later became a mananaggal confided in her human boyfriend that she felt the urge to eat sick people's sputum.
According to one source, the Manananggal can also mate like ordinary humans, and have normal offspring, which continue to be outwardly normal until maturity,
Like most entrenched legends, this one appears to have been elaborately embellished. However, at its root is the winged monster that has appeared to many Filipinos.
Tik-tik: Manananggals are sometimes referred to as tik-tik, the sound it makes while flying. Folklore dictates that the fainter the sound, the nearer the Manananggal is. This is to confuse the victim. Black cats and crows often signal a tik-tik's presence, and deformed faces or bodies in children are allegedly signs of the aftermath of a tik-tik attack.http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Wak-wak
From WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
The sound of a wakwak is usually associated with the presence of an unglu (vampire) or ungo (ghost or monster). It is also believed that this monster is called "wakwak" because of the sound it makes when it flaps its wings while flying. When one hears the wakwak, it is looking for possible victims. If the sound of the wakwak is loud, it means it is far from you. Otherwise, it is near and worse yet, it is about to attack. It slashes and mutilates its victims and feeds on their hearts.
The wakwak is often described by old folks to have long sharp talons and a pair of wings similar to those of a bat. It uses its talons or claws to slash its victims and to get their heart. Many say that its wings are also sharp as a knife.
The sound that a tiki, tike or teke (common house gecko) makes usually at night when out of sight was discovered by an American who spent much time in the Philippines to be the source of the sound everyone was saying was a "wakwak".
"A Dictionary of Cebuano Visaya" by John U. Wolff published by Cornell University, South East Asia Program and Linguistic Society of the Philippines 1972 defines wak-wak as:
- noun bird which comes out at night, so called from its call. Its call signifies the presense of a vampire (unglo) or in some beliefs, it is a form the vampire takes himself.
- verb 1 [A13] for the wakwak to be about; 2 [a12] victimize someone with vampiritic activity. paN- verb [A2] go about engaging in vampiritic activity. -un noun = UNGLU, noun
Best Wishes, Dale D.