Monday, March 12, 2012
The Mystery Primate Omnibus (Sort of) (Part Deux)
|Comparison by Dale Drinnon of four basic cryptid primate types, including my
Image from frontiersofzoology.com
[Below, a series of skeletons for the basic types of hominids: Gracile and Robust Australopithecines, Homo erectus (Third from Left) Heidelberg (Hs heidelbergensis, third from Right), Neanderthaler (Hs neanderthalensis, second from Right) and modern Homo sapiens at far right. Heidelbergers were sometimes even taller than modern humans on the average and did regularly reach two meters tall: this drawing makes the Heidelberger skeleton probably way too thin and even the arms too short. Neanderthals and Heidelbergers are at least conspecific to each other, and many experts say that both are only forms of Homo sapiens anyway]
|Maurice Burton's Neanderthals, comparable to the Central Asian Almas|
Reconstructions for Homo heidelburgensis, comparable to reports of the Chuchunaa and such. Actually the Western European Neanderthalers are best thought of as a localised and specialised variant of the more generalised and cosmopolitan species H. sapiens heidelbergensis: the comparable "Neanderthaloids" of Africa and East Asia are now all supposed to be heidelbergensis.
|Male and Female Wildmen, reconstructions for H. heidelbergensis|
[Actually, they are in two size categories basically, one standard-human size or between 5 and 6 feet on the average, some local populations taller and some local populations shorter. These are the Almas types. the Subarctic population tends to be larger, AVERAGING at about 6'6" (Asiatic references) or 7 feet tall (American references): they CAN be reported as up to 8 or 9 feet tall-DD]
Robust Australopiths are known locally as Kikombas, Muhalus, Ngolokos, and Apamandis. Like the Gracile Australopiths, they average 5 feet tall but extremely robust. They appear to be a species of Paranthropus. [The fossils are comparable in size to Neanderthals but with a greater degree of sexual dimorphism-DD]
Dale's charts from earlier blog postings showing the similarity of Yetis to ordinary orangutans
Again borrowed from Coleman and Huyghe, these are unknown apes seen throughout the world which leave distinctive tracks with opposed big toes. They come in three principal types:
- Sivapithecines are seen throughout Asia and North America and are known locally as Yetis, Meh-tehs, Teh-lmas, Yeren, Hibagons, Orang Pendeks, Boogers, Napes, and Skunk Apes. They are generally man-sized and look like chimps, orangutans, and gorillas. Their fur ranges from black and brown to red and orange. The Asian forms appear to be related to the ground-dwelling ape Sivapithecus, while those in North America are probably related to fossil teeth labelled "Hesperopithecus." While these are commonly thought of as being pig teeth, only a few actually resemble pig teeth. The others may be genuine North American Apes.
- "Parapongo" is a name coined by Dale Drinnon for creatures from South America called Mapinguaris and Mono Reys, which look like orangutans and leave bottle-shaped footprints. They are not the same species as Indonesian orangutans, but rather share a common ground-dwelling ancestor and have since convergently evolved to live in the trees.
- American Siamangs are seen in South America, where they are often confused with "Parapongo." These creatures are known locally as Mono Grande, Didi, Isnachi, and Negroes of the Water. They are described as man-sized black apes with lanky bodies, making them look like giant siamangs, to which they appear to be closely related. They appear to be members of the species Ameranthropoides loysi, described from a specimen shot in 1920 in Venezuela. While commonly called a hoax, it may actually be genuine.
- 1. Marine Monkeys are (or were) seen in oceans worldwide and are the Mermaids, Mermen, Sirens, etc. of folklore. They have long, dolphin-like tails and four limbs; the front legs are mobile and have human-like hands, while the back legs only remain as claspers used during mating. They often sit out on rocks in shallow water, and their oily hair requires constant grooming. They appear to be descended from long-tailed macaques which took to living in the water and evolved a muscular tail with flukes as a result.
- Freshwater Monkeys are seen in swamps and river systems in Europe, Southeast Asia, and North America, where they are locally known as Brownies, Goblins, Sprites, Nixes, Kappas, Kijimunas, Puckwudgies, Frog Men, Lizard Men, and Swamp Monsters. Eurasian ones are generally pygmies, while North American ones are more often man-sized. They have webbed feet and hands, and fur which clumps together to look like scales. They have five-toed feet, but two of these toes are vestigial and don't show up in tracks, leaving three-toed footprints instead.
[ Above, reconstructed Devil Monkey from Deviant Art: Below, Dale D's interpretation as a coyote. This might not seem like such a striking match at first but several features are noted in common and the tracks left behind in some cases DO seem to be coyote (or Wild Dog) tracks. The category is best thought of as "Chupacabras With The Hair Still On"-DD]
I am including this as a possible category to explain certain sightings of "Werewolves" and "Dogmen" throughout North America. The identification is problematic, as there appear to also be regular Neo-Giants, Marked Hominin Wildmen, and an unknown species of bear involved as well. If the category is genuine, then they are essentially man-sized baboons which frequently walk upright and have dog-like heads and tails. They are often seen scavenging carrion along the sides of roads.
[They do not frequently walk upright but they can stand up and leap from a vertical posture. And the last listed traits are more likely ordinary dogs. Primates do not have pricked ears or brush tails, and the Devil Monkeys are digitigrade, like dogs but not like Primates-DD]
Wildmen (two, possibly three species)
Neanderthaloid [Including both H.s. heidelbergensis and H.s. neanderthalensis variants]
Australopithecines (two definite species)
Neo-Giants (two probable species)
Unknown Pongids (four species)
Merbeings (three species)
American Baboon (one possible species)
Out of this list, however, Neanderthaloids, Erectus Hominins/H. floresiensis, and the Asian Neo-Giants appear to represent species known from the fossil record. On the other hand, Gracile and Robust Australopithecines, "Skunk Apes," and American Neo-Giants are all probably new species of known genera. This means that they all qualify as being known in one way or another. Thus, only the "Yeti," Parapongo, American Siamang, all the Merbeings, and the American Baboon are completely unknown, and likely all represent new species and genera, if not new families
-In summary, I think Tyler is probably very close to the truth but I prefer to make a few more simplifications above and beyond his version. I very likely would not have phrased it the same way.
Below another amended "Lineup" meant to represent the Gracile and Robust Australopiths at far Left, A Solo Man Wildman representing the "Homo erectus" category because some sources say that the Solo fossils represent the latest erectus specimens: this one is at the small size but the category would als be responsible for Yowie sightings at small, medium and large sizes. I do not count this as a separate species. In the middle is the medium-sized Almas Wildman, most likey a Neanderthaler and next over, second from the Left is the Larger-sized variant of this, comparable to Heidelbergers. At the far Right is Homo sapiens, a recent refugee from tropical Africa which has the novel distinction of having lost most or all of the body hair, unlike any of the others. Best Wishes, Dale D.